In 1996, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted as a federal law to establish uniform standards for safeguarding sensitive patient health information from unauthorized disclosure without the patient’s knowledge or consent. The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) was tasked with implementing the HIPAA Privacy Rule to ensure compliance with the law’s requirements. Additionally, the HIPAA Security Rule was created to safeguard a specific subset of information covered by the Privacy Rule. The Security Rule provides further guidance on the appropriate measures required to safeguard electronically protected health information (ePHI).
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